Creating a commodity trading plan can be done in as little as a day, but sometimes it can take months to complete a well-designed plan. It all depends on your trading experience, level of trading education and the sophistication of your trading strategies. Needless to say, you don’t have to make a trading plan a complicated process. If you include the main topics outlined below in your plan, you should be able to construct a simple set of rules to follow while you are trading commodities.
Commodity Markets to TradeFirst, decide which commodity markets you are going to trade. If you will be an active trader, I recommend concentrating on no more than three commodities. Long-term traders who want to be a little more diversified can look for opportunities in all the commodities.
Starting Account SizeThere are a couple schools of thought here. Many believe you need to start a commodity trading account with at least $50,000 to give yourself a fighting chance. There is a lot of truth to this, as many traders who start with less than $10,000 get wiped-out fairly quickly. I don’t necessarily believe it is the size of account that is the cause for losing; rather it is the way in which small traders trade. You can open an account for $10,000 and trade one contract of a fairly stable commodity and do just fine.
Commodity Trading StrategiesThis is where many unsuccessful traders go wrong. They have no specific trading strategies for entering and exiting trades. The “wing-it” approach will not work. You might get lucky once in a while, but I can almost guarantee you will lose in the end. Watching the news for trading opportunities is not a trading strategy. You should have a logical and tested fundamental or technical strategy for trading commodities. Also, decide whether you want to be a long-term trader or a short-term trader.
Controlling Trading RiskYou should know what your risk is on every trade before it is entered. Once you are filled on an order you should immediately place your stop loss order to limit your risk on every trade. One of the biggest mistakes new commodity traders make is failure to take a loss. Often, one or two big losses will destroy an account. If you can keep your losses small, you will be far ahead of most new traders.
Keeping Trading RecordsRecording every trade you make and the reasons why you entered and exited the trade is one of the best educational tools you can use. Over time, you will learn which strategies work best and under what conditions. Keep track of the profit or loss on each trade. I like to print out a chart of each trade that shows where I entered and exited. Over time, you will begin to see patterns of how the markets work and how you can improve your trading strategies.
A trading plan is like a roadmap that tells you where you need to go and how you will get there. Without one, you are just trading blind.