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Soybean Planting and Harvest Seasons

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Soybean crops around the world have their own unique production cycles of planting and harvest timeframes. Below are the window of opportunities for planting and harvesting soybean crops within the largest soybean production countries. Grain prices tend to fluctuate the most during the growing seasons, as supply expectations can shift significantly due to planted acreage, weather and growing conditions.

In the United States, most of the soybean crops are grown in the Midwest and the Delta regions. Typically, the southernmost areas will begin planting first and then the most northern areas will begin planting as the snow is gone and the soil is thawed.

United States (38 percent of world production)
Planting: Soybean crops are planted beginning in late April and last through June.
Harvest: Soybeans are mainly harvested in late September and is finished by the end of November.

Brazil (25 percent of world production)
Planting: Mid-August through mid-December.
Harvest: February through May.

Argentina (19 percent of world production)
Planting: October through December.
Harvest: April through early June.

China (7 percent of world production)
Planting: Late April through mid-June.
Harvest: September through early October.

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